Citrine is a member of the Quartz family and has been used in jewellery for thousands of years. The yellow-orange colour of citrine is due to a small trace of iron, found in the stone’s chemical structure. This beautiful colour, along with its general affordability and durability make it a very popular stone. However, throughout history, it has often been confused with Topaz, which is very similar in colour.
During Egyptian times, the gemstone was used as a talisman with the belief that it held magical properties, providing power and energy to its possessor. For the Romans, it was used to create elaborate jewellery to display wealth.
Today, naturally occurring citrine is very rare, and instead most citrine sold is amethyst which has undergone heat treatment to create the yellow-orange colour. The original hue of the amethyst determines the intensity of the resulting yellow colour.
The quality of a citrine is determined by four factors, the 4 C’s - that are commonly used to value gemstones: Colour, Clarity, Cut and Carat Weight.
In the contemporary market, the most popular shade of citrine is a deep brownish or reddish orange. However, a saturated yellow colour without tints of brown is also a favourite among consumers. Our favourite is a pale yellow citrine.
The most popular citrines on the market are those with no inclusions or colour zoning. This refers to gemstones which have imperfections on their surface such as uneven distributions of colour and also cracks, due to trapped minerals during crystal formation.
Although citrines are available in a variety of sizes and cuts, in recent years it has become popular to cut them into unique and abstract shapes. Here is an example of some unusual carvings created by talented gem designers.
Showcase at Tuscon Gem Show, designed by Michael Dyber
Citrines are available in a range of sizes and some can be found up to 20 carats. However, as citrines are still so readily available, the size and carat weight of them does not significantly affect their value.
The citrine is the birthstone for November and also commemorates 13th wedding anniversaries. It is therefore an ideal present!
At Augustine Jewels, our citrine selection has recently become very popular and is the perfect addition to a summer wardrobe, due to its bright, vibrant colour. Here is a selection of some of our pieces from the South of France Collection as well as some of exquisite bespoke pieces.